Boosting the immune system to fight against coronavirus COVID-19: what you need to know

Boosting the immune system to fight against coronavirus COVID-19: what you need to know 

This is the question on everyone’s mind as we face a worldwide crisis. We don’t yet know how to fully prevent or manage the damage caused by COVID-19, the disease caused by a coronavirus that is new to us all. 

We see online claims that we can “boost” our immune system with just about everything from Vitamin C or Vitamin D to essential oils and silver nanoparticles. But how do we know which of these recommendations, if any, really work? Here are some recommendations that are really helpful for boosting the immune system: 

  • Get enough sleep 

Inadequate or poor-quality sleep is linked to a higher susceptibility to sickness. Getting adequate rest may strengthen your natural immunity. Also, you may sleep more when sick to allow your immune system to better fight the illness. Adults should aim to get 7 or more hours of sleep each night, while teens need 8–10 hours and younger children and infants up to 14 hours. 

  • Eat plenty of fruits, veggies and seeds 

Getting plenty of fruits, vegetables, and seeds is a common recommendation seen on many sites, but the evidence is inconclusive if it truly helps. In one often-quoted study, elderly volunteers were randomized to less than two or greater than five daily servings of fruits and vegetables.  They found the group with the higher fruit consumption had a better immune response to the pneumonia vaccine but not to the tetanus vaccine. 

  • Eat more healthy fats 

Healthy fats, like those found in olive oil and salmon, may boost your body’s immune response to pathogens by decreasing inflammation. Olive oil, which is highly anti-inflammatory, is linked to a decreased risk of chronic diseases like heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Plus, its anti-inflammatory properties may help your body fight off harmful disease-causing bacteria and viruses 

  • Stay hydrated 

Water is recommended because it’s free of calories, additives, and sugar. While tea and juice are also hydrating, it’s best to limit your intake of fruit juice and sweetened tea because of their high sugar contents. 

  • Eat Citrus fruits 

Most people turn to vitamin C after they’ve caught a cold. That’s because it helps build up your immune system. Vitamin C is thought to increase the production of white blood cells. These are key to fighting infections. 

Popular citrus fruits include: 

  • Grapefruit 
  • Oranges 
  • Tangerines 
  • Lemons 
  • Limes 
  • Exercise daily  

In addition to dietary measures that support your immune system, exercise may also play a role.  It has been found to enhance the body’s immune response and improve its defense activity. Regular, habitual exercise resets the immune system, something known as “immunoregulation”. 

  • Avoid smoking 

Smokers have an increased risk of catching infections and suffering severe complications from those infections. We shouldn’t need more reasons not to smoke, but a time like this highlights the importance even more. 

  • Manage Your Stress 

Everyone gets stressed. Short bursts of stress may help your immune system. But lasting stress is a problem. It can hamper your immune system. 

CORONAVIRUS COVID-19, A POTENTIAL DISASTER THAT TEETERED PAKISTAN

CORONAVIRUS COVID-19, A POTENTIAL DISASTER THAT TEETERED PAKISTAN 

The number of coronavirus cases in Pakistan has climbed to more than 2000Currently, Pakistan has the highest number of cases in South Asia and its far more than the neighbor country, India. Considering the present situation of Pakistan, the government took some important steps to reduce the cases of coronavirus from the country. From the past two weeks, the ministers of every province in Pakistan took some steps in order to curb the coronavirus outbreak. Each of the provinces in Pakistan executed varying levels of lockdown as the number of coronavirus cases rose instantly in the country. But still, the country is facing serious challenges to deal with this pandemic outbreak. 

Pakistan faces prominent challenges to deal with the current situation  

 

The country gravely mishandled the return of coronavirus-infected pilgrims from Iran, and most of the infected patients came from Iran. Not only that the country is also facing the challenges to deal with the rising patients. Muslim-majority countries, including Saudi Arabia, have canceled communal prayers, Pakistan’s mosques remained open for several weeks.  The health system of Pakistan, with dated and limited public health facilities, created the issues for the doctors and patients. Pakistan is woefully unprepared to deal with COVID-19 outbreaks and with the influx of critically ill patients. Doctors lack personal protective equipment that has caused health risks for them, at least one of the nine victims so far is a doctor. 

The consequences of letting coronavirus spread further would be devastating for the countryThe initial response of the country is already exposing that is concerned with the political patternsincluding the powerful army asserting competence over the civilian government. 

An Influx of COVID-19 positive cases from Iran 

Before any case of coronavirus in Pakistan, the government made the decision to not allow Pakistani students to present in the city of China, Wuhan. The government of Pakistan didn’t want to take the risk to allow the students in the country because they may infect lot of people. But the government didn’t take such a decision for the pilgrim of Iran and the first case in the country came from Iran. The person was diagnosed on February 26 in Karachi and quickly isolated. On March 12, two weeks ago, Pakistan had 21 confirmed cases of the virus. 

Steps were taken by the government to reduce the spread of COVID-19 outbreak 

 On March 13, the government announced a number of aggressive steps which include the closing of the western border with Iran and Afghanistan, shutting down all public as well as private educational institutions, and canceling the parade of Pakistan Day set for March 23. A National Coordination Committee was set up to deal with the coronavirus on a federal level, and the National Disaster Management Authority was tapped to implement the response. The government is also taking steps to aware of the people of the country from coronavirus spread by using different platforms such as social media, news channels, TV advertisements, etc. These steps have proved somehow effective to reduce the spread but there is also a need for appropriate strategy to deal with this outbreak. In many areas, the citizens are not following the rules imposed by the government so there is a need to take strict action against them. 

 

 

 

THE GLOBAL CORONAVIRUS OUTBREAK AND THE CREATION OF A NEW WORLD

THE GLOBAL CORONAVIRUS OUTBREAK AND THE CREATION OF A NEW WORLD  

 

COVID-19 will reshape our world, it is not sure when this outbreak will end up but it is sure that by the time it does, our world will look very different. The global world is experiencing the change because of the pandemic and it will result to create a new world.  The novel coronavirus epidemic that started in Wuhan, China on December 8, 2019, has infected more people than the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) combined. 

Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the Global war  

The COVID-19 crisis is creating a war-like’ situation for the global world as it requires the mobilization and direction of resources at unprecedented levels. Solidarity between countries and a readiness to make sacrifices for the common good are decisive.  It is believed that the wars between the countries are won by negotiation, communication, and logistics, not by the means of harsh strategies or tacticsThis seems true for coronavirus as well, the countries that will prove best in the communication towards citizens to give them all the precautionary measures will come out strongest among others because this outbreak or war will also end with effective communication with the citizens. 

A public health emergency for the Global world 

The Chinese authorities revealed that the outbreak was caused by a novel beta-coronavirus, named 2019-nCoV. This was soon found to be significantly genetically related to SARS-CoV and other bat coronaviruses. The initial cases were associated with a seafood market in Wuhan where live animals were sold. This suggested a possible animal reservoir for this virus and suggested zoonotic (animal to human) transmission. Later on, environmental samples obtained from this market were found to be positive for 2019-nCoV, strengthening the hypothesis that this is a zoonotic virus. However, whilst the virus was found to have originally started among infected animals, most of the subsequently reported cases were shown to be caused by human-to-human transmission. This clearly shows that the coronavirus will change the world. The people will reduce the eating of dead animals and other animals that create viruses. So, when the coronavirus will end from the global world it will create new world with different rules and norms. 

CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19)

CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19): All you need to know about symptoms, risks and preventions 

Coronavirus is a family of viruses that cause illness such as common cold and in more severe cases it also causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). World Health Organization (WHO) declared Coronavirus (COVID-19) outburst the public health emergency and it is a very alarming situation for the whole world. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain that was revealed in 2019 and it has not been previously identified in humans. The countries hit by a sudden and unexpected public health emergency and also their economies slow down as they spend more to counter the spread of the virus.   

Globally, on the 30th January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) of the United Nations declared the pandemic a public health emergency of international concern. This defines the outbreak an “extraordinary event which is determined to constitute a public health risk to other states through the international spread of disease and potentially require a coordinated international response”. 

Transmission of Coronavirus (COVID-19)  

Coronavirus is zoonotic which means that it was transmitted between animals and people.  Further research has found that SARS-CoV was transferred from civet cats to humans. Coronavirus is now transmitting between human to human due to close interaction with infected persons, through respiratory droplets that are produced when an infected person sneezes or coughs and it also transfers by touching a surface or object that has the virus. 

Symptoms 

  • Runny nose 
  • Fever 
  • Sore throat 
  • Cough  
  • Shortness of breath  
  • Difficulties in breathing  

In more severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia, multiple organ failure and even death. Current estimates of the incubation period – the time between infection and the onset of symptoms, ranging from one to 14 days. Most infected people show symptoms within five to six days. 

How deadly COVID-19 is? 

With more than 24,000 recorded deaths, the number of fatalities from the new coronavirus has overwhelmingly surpassed the toll of the 2002-2003 SARS outbreak, which also originated in China. 

SARS killed about 9 percent of those it infected – nearly 800 people worldwide and more than 300 in China alone. MERS, which did not spread as widely, was more deadly, killing one-third of those infected. 

While the new coronavirus is more widespread than SARS in terms of case numbers, the mortality rate remains considerably lower at approximately 3.4 percent, according to the WHO. 

Precautionary measures: 

  • Wash your hands frequently with soap or water or use alcohol-based hand sanitizers. 
  • Practice respiratory hygiene, this means that while coughing and sneezing cover mouth or nose with flexed elbow or tissue. 
  • Maintain social distancing, it is the key to reduce the spread of COVID-19. 
  • Avoid close interaction such as shaking hands and touching. 
  • Avoid touching your eyes, face and nose. 
  • Monitor your health. 
  • Contact your healthcare provider if symptoms develop. 

Scientists around the globe are racing to develop a vaccine but have warned it is not likely one will be available for mass distribution before 2021.